Knights Armour and Weapons

Daniel V 1Armour – Knights armour was first consisted of Chain mail at about 500 BC, then they started covering the chain mail with plates of steel to protect vulnerable places. Then they started taking hardened leather and sewed plates of steel in them so they could create huge coats.  The helmet was first a small skull cap that later in the years stretched down for a full face cover and a mail was put to cover the back of the neck. Mail- Mail or also known as chain mail, is a type of armour, which is made up of interlocking small metal rings that are placed in a specific pattern to create a mesh. Chain Mail was very affective against slashing blows and piercing attacks. There were different types of mail:  Hauberk; was chain mail woven into a tunic or a shirt normally long sleeved but could also be short sleeved, Haubergeon; was chain mail that had short sleeves that had slots to accommodate horse riding, Pixane; was chain mail that had a hole at the top so you could fit head could go through and it would cover your neck, they also cover the shoulders, the upper body and the back, Gousset; mail that protects area that is not covered by the plate and Chausses; was Chain mail that covered up to the knee or sometimes the whole leg. Plate

Armour – Was first created by the Romans and Greeks but was then disused because of the work and cost. But in the 13th century they were in use again to protect shin and joints which was worn over a mail hauberk. And over the years full plates off armour were made.

Helmets – Helmets were an essential part to medieval life, they weren’t just used for battle, they used them on their coat of arms as a crest and they are still used today but different ways, shapes an sizes. There are loads of different helmets all different shapes and sizes and here are some: The Spangelnhelm and Nasal helmet; the nasal helmet was a skull shaped helmet with a large extruding bit covering the nose and the Spangelnhelm was a round helmet that was shaped after that head, it has smooth sides, so when someone tries to attack then the weapon would just glance off. The Great Helm started being in use from the 12th Century to about the 14th Century and mainly in the Crusades. The great helm was used mainly by heavy infantry and knights. The great helm was basically a big cylinder that had a metal plate on the top of the cylinder to cover the head and only small cut outs for the eyes and mouth, but later on they also started creating them with a bit of a curve so the attacks would glance of. Armet started in the 15th Century, it has a bowl shape that covers the head and it also it had a visor. Barbute was designed by Italy and it resembles Greek helmets a lot, the Barbute had a kind of of a Y shape for their eyes, nose and mouth.

Neck – Gorget was a steel collar that would cover the front of the neck and a also the back of the neck.

Torso – The Brigandine was created in the 12th century, it was basically a canvas or leather sleeveless shirt with metal plates stitched in the inner linings. Cuirass was first created in the 14th century the Cuirass was made out of a single piece of metal or other materials. the back part would connect to the back Cuirass and that would give them a full body cover.

Weapons

Long swords – The long sword was a European  weapon used from 1350 to 1550.  The grip was normally 25cm to 34cm long which provided space with two hands, the length of the  doubled edge blade was normally 1m to 1.2m and also normally weighed 1 to 2.4 kg. The long sword was normally held with two hands but could also be used with one, and it was normally used for slicing and stabbing.

Stilettos – Were a short knife or dagger with a the blade leading to a really sharp point. It was normally used for stabbing and it could stab quite well, it could go really deep, delivering fatality.

Mace – The mace was a weapon that had a huge end to deliver powerful and fatal blows. The mace end was symmetrically equal to deliver equal blows. The end of the mace was made of copper, steel, iron, bronze and stone and the handle was normally made of wood and reinforce steel.

Morning Star – The Morning Star was like a mace, the handle was made out of wood but the end was a metal ball with metal spikes built into it.

Flails – Was basically a Morning star with a chain, the top part of a morning star, the ball, is taken off and is attached to a chain which would be attached to a long metal handle

War Hammer – The war hammer was meant for close combat. It basically a hammer just scaled up. It was normally used against riders.

Quarter Staves – was an English medieval weapon used up until the 18th century. It was a wooden pole about 1 to 2 meters in length

Spears – The spear is a pole weapon. It was mainly made out of wood, the bottom part would be made out of wood and the head would be shaped into a spike or they would put a bronze, obsidian or iron head which was shaped like a leaf, at the end of the wooden pole.

Pike – Was a long wooden shaft that was used by foot solider as an attack against cavalry. It was a really long weapon that could starting length of 3m and could go up to 6m.

Throwing Axe – It was created by the franks and had started at 500 AD to 750 AD. The Axe had a curved edge and was attached to a wooden staff.

Long bow – The long bow was made out of a single piece of wood. The long bow could deliver a force of 900 Newtons.

http://www.medievalwarfare.info/armour.html : James McDonald, 1st of October 2012, Medieval Warfare

http://www.lordsandladies.org/knightsarmour.html : Alchin L.K, Sitseen LTD, Lords and Ladies (Year of Publication Not Available)

http://www.medievalwarfare.info/weapons.htm : James McDonald, Medieval warfare, 1st of Octobeer

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