Weapons and Armour

SHao Ma 2 Hao Mawords

There are many types of swords the type of sword that I am going to talk about on this page is the Long Sword. The longsword, with its longer grip and blade, appears to have become popular during the 14th century and remained in common use, as shown through period art and tale, from 1250 to 1550. The longsword was a powerful and versatile weapon. For close personal infantry combat, however, the longsword was prized for its versatility and killing capability. These swords were often longer than 1 meter which allows people to reach out far to attack the enemy. The longsword was a famous and vastly used weapon in medieval European history.


  1. http://www.medievalwarfare.info/weapons.htm
  2. http://www.ducksters.com/history/middle_ages/knight_armor_and_weapons.php
  3. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/arms/hd_arms.htm
  4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_medieval_weapons


The Medieval times were an extremely violent era in history featuring battles in both Europe and the Holy Land when the crusades, and the crusaders who fought them, were numerous. Feudal Lords and Knights and their men at arms used such weapons as the Medieval Battle Axe in different types of warfare. The quest for power led to invasions of lands and territories which had to be fought for. Siege warfare, waged to win a castle or a walled town or city, was a frequent occurrence during the medieval period. Warfare during the medieval era called for a variety of weapon expertise. Knights and men-at-arms (who consisted of foot soldiers or archers) used different types of weapons. The “Medieval Battle Axe” was predominantly used by foot soldiers. The weapons used were dictated according to status and position. The weapons, armour and horse of the Knight were extremely expensive – the fighting power of just one knight was worth 10 ordinary soldiers.


The crossbow was introduced early in the 14th century. The crossbow consisted of a bow mounted on a stock that could be cranked or pulled into place using more leverage than could be used on a conventional longbow. The result was a very high-powered, lower trajectory weapon of great destructive potential. It fired a bolt, a shorter version of an arrow. However, the firing time on a crossbow was slow compared to the longbow, and for that reason and owing to the vastly higher expense during the period, the longbow remained the favoured missile weapon of the 14th and 15th century in England and in France. From time to time the crossbow was banned by various laws, but it remained a weapon of great popularity during the late 14th century in many countries, the Swiss states, in Germany and in Italy.


A Knight’s shield could be round, square, or the kite shaped and was used to defend the knight from attack. They could be made of metal but during the 14th and 15th centuries they were usually made of wood. A knight’s shield protected him from the blows of battle as he held in one hand while we carried his sword or lance in his right. The most common type of shield was the Heater, which has the familiar kite shape to it. During tournaments small Heaters would be used, but during wartime, larger shields would be brought out to defend against missiles and arrows. The Buckler was another popular shield. It was small and round, and was the type most often used in duels.

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